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Millions of Americans take cough and cold medicines each year How to make lean with dxm help with symptoms of colds. When taken as instructed, these medicines can be safe and effective. They become harmful when taken in a way or dose other than directed on the package. Several cough and cold medicines contain ingredients that are psychoactive mind-altering when taken in higher-than-recommended dosages, and some people misuse them.
These products also contain other ingredients that can add to the risks. about prescription drugs and what happens to the brain and body when someone misuses them. Cough and cold medicines are usually sold in liquid syrup, capsule, or pill form. They may also come in a powder. Drinking promethazine-codeine cough syrup mixed with soda a combination called "lean" or "sizzurp" was referenced frequently in some popular music beginning in the late s and has become increasingly popular among youth in several areas of the country. Young people are often more likely to misuse cough and cold medicines containing DXM than some other drugs because these medicines can be purchased without a prescription.
When cough and cold medicines are taken as directed, they safely treat symptoms caused by colds and flu. But when taken in higher quantities or when you don't have any symptoms, they may affect the brain in ways very similar to illegal drugs, and can even lead to addiction. All drugs, including cough and cold medicines, change the way the brain works by changing the way nerve cells communicate. Nerve cells, called neurons, send messages to each other by releasing chemicals called neurotransmitters. These neurotransmitters attach to molecules on neurons called receptors.
Drugs affect this aling process. Learn more about how neurotransmitters work. A single high dose of DXM can cause hallucinations imagined experiences that seem real. Ketamine and PCP are called "dissociative" drugs, which means they make you feel separated from your body or your environment, and they twist the way you think or feel about something or someone. Codeine attaches to the same cell receptors as opioids like heroin. High doses of promethazine-codeine cough syrup can produce a high similar to that produced by other opioid drugs.
Over time, it takes more and more of the drug to get that good feeling. This is how addiction starts. Both codeine and promethazine slow down activities in the central nervous system brain and spinal cordwhich produces calming effects. Learn more about how the brain works and what happens when a person uses drugs. Yes, high doses and repeated misuse of cough and cold medicines can lead to addiction.
Misuse of promethazine-codeine cough syrup slows down the central nervous system, which can slow or stop the heart and lungs. Mixing it with alcohol greatly increases this risk. Overdose can be treated with CPR and certain medications depending on the person's symptoms, but the most important step to take is to call The drug naltrexone can be given to stop an opioid overdose if codeine was taken. MTF Data. Explore teen substance use trends over time, by grade and substance with an interactive chart featuring Monitoring the Future data from to present. If a friend is using drugs, you might have to step away from the friendship for a while.
It is important to protect your own mental health and not put yourself in situations where drugs are being used. Misusing prescription cough medicine can lead to nausea and dizziness, and in some cases, seizures and overdose. Cough and cold medicines taken as instructed can be safe and effective. But misusing them can have harmful. This lesson, provides scientific information about teen brain development and the effect of drugs and alcohol use on the brain.
These community activities are deed to help students in grades 6 How to make lean with dxm 12 learn about the effects of drug use These school activities are deed to help students in grades 6 through 12 learn about the effects of drug use Content on this site is available for your use and may be reproduced in its entirety without permission How to make lean with dxm NIDA.
Department of Health and Human Services.
National Institutes of Health. Cough and Cold Medicines. Expand All What happens to your brain when you misuse cough or cold medicines?
What happens to your body when you misuse cough or cold medicines? Short-Term Effects DXM misuse can cause: loss of coordination numbness feeling sick to the stomach increased blood pressure faster heart beat vision changes slurred speech feeling very excited in rare instances when DXM is taken with decongestants, lack of oxygen to the brain, creating lasting brain damage Promethazine-codeine cough syrup misuse can cause: slowed heart rate slowed breathing high doses can lead to overdose and death Cough and cold medicines are even more dangerous when taken with alcohol or other drugs.
Long-term effects of cough and cold medicines are not known. Are cough and cold medicines addictive? Can you overdose or die if you use cough and cold medicines? How many teens misuse cough and cold medicines? Swipe left or right to scroll. What should I do if someone I know needs help?
If you, How to make lean with dxm a friend, are in crisis and need to speak with someone now: Call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at TALK they don't just talk about suicide—they cover a lot of issues and will help put you in touch with someone close by If you want to help a friend, you can: Share resources from this site, including this. Encourage your friend to speak with a trusted adult.
Where can I get more information? Related Articles Image. What Is Lean? Resources for Educators Image. Drugs and the Teen Brain This lesson, provides scientific information about teen brain development and the effect of drugs and alcohol use on the brain.How to make lean with dxm
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