Added: Vang Bastien - Date: 06.08.2021 07:31 - Views: 15381 - Clicks: 726
Actively scan device characteristics for identification. Use precise geolocation data. Select personalised content.
Create a personalised content profile. Measure ad performance. Select basic. Create a personalised profile. Select personalised. Apply market research to generate audience insights. Measure content performance. Develop and improve products. List of Partners vendors. Ketamine is a dissociative anesthetic that was developed in the early s and used in human and veterinary medicine. The drug is primarily used for anesthesia. In the s, phencyclidine PCP was developed as an intravenous general anesthetic, but because of its severe side effects, ketamine was developed to replace it.
MXE methoxetamine is also a similar drug made from arylcyclohexylamines. Ketamine is a Schedule III drug, which means it is approved for use as an anesthetic in hospital and other medical settings. It is safe and effective when used in a controlled medical setting, but it also has the potential for misuse and addiction. It has anesthetic, dissociative, and hallucinogenic effects.
Common Side Effects: Ketamine can have side effects including elevated blood pressure, tremors, hallucinations, confusion, and agitation. Ketamine usually appears as a clear liquid or a white to off-white powder. It can also be sold illegally in pill or capsule form. It is tasteless and odorless.
In medical settings, ketamine is given intravenously to induce and maintain anesthesia. In liquid form, it can be injected into a vein, consumed in beverages, or added to smokable materials. Some people also inject the drug intramuscularly.
The effects of ketamine are similar to PCP, but not as severe and with a shorter duration. People who use ketamine describe the high as a pleasant sensation of floating or a dissociative state of being separated from their bodies. The drug can produce hallucinogenic-like effects, What does special k do to your body a short period of time, from one to two hours. Some ketamine users describe a feeling of complete sensory detachment, which they associate with a near-death experience. Others describe this experience as being so deep inside the mind that reality seems distant.
This state of total dissociation is called the " k-hole.
There is little research into the long-term effects of ketamine misuse, but research has shown that chronic use of the drug can produce impairments in memory and reduced psychological wellbeing. Studies have found that ketamine use can lead to urinary tract problems. For recreational users of the drug, many of the dangers—other than long-term cognitive effects—lie with the interaction with other drugs the person may be taking, including alcohol.
Ketamine can increase the effects of other sedatives like benzodiazepines, barbiturates, and opiates, which can lead to death. As a street drug, ketamine has become popular as a "club drug," used by teens and young adults at dance clubs and events known as raves. Because it is odorless and tasteless and can be added to beverages without being detected, there are also reports of it being used as a date-rape drug.
In addition to rendering victims immobile, it can also induce amnesia making it difficult to recall events that took place while under the influence. Ketamine has been shown to have antidepressant effects in patients with mood disorders, so it is has been sometimes used intravenously off-label to help treat major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder. In the FDA approved an intranasal form of ketamine for use in treatment resistant depression. Some research has also found that ketamine can reduce symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder PTSD.
Some of the common short-term side effects that ketamine users experience include:. Depending on the dosage, some users can experience these more severe side effects of ketamine:. Some of the s that someone might be using ketamine include:. Typically, the outward symptoms of ketamine overdose are the psychotropic effects, including dreams, illusions, and hallucinations similar to LSD and PCP users.
Benzodiazepines might be given to reduce agitation. This requires caution, however, as in cases of ketamine overdose, ketamine was typically not the only drug ingested. Over-sedation and drug interactions are a concern. If you believe that someone has overdosed on ketamine or another substance, contact emergency services immediately. The use of ketamine can result in tolerance, dependence, and symptoms of withdrawal. When tolerance occurs, people require larger or more frequent doses of the drug to achieve the same effects they felt initially.
Dependence occurs when a person needs to continue taking a drug in order to avoid the negative effects of withdrawal. The exact range of time, however, depends on a variety of factors including how much of the drug was used as well as the individual's body mass, hydration levels, and metabolism. While ketamine may be cleared from the body within a day or two, it may be detectable in urine tests for up to 14 days and in hair follicle tests for up to 90 days.
The National Institute on Drug Abuse reported in that a bit less than 0. Addiction to ketamine can cause chemical changes in the brain's reward system that make it very difficult to stop taking the drug. Because ketamine creates feelings of detachment, people often experience major disruptions in multiple life areas once they have developed an addiction. s of addiction can include neglecting work and family responsibilities and spending large amounts of money on the drug. The high from ketamine is short-lived and tolerance tends to build quite quickly, meaning people who use it need to increase the amount they use in order to get the same.
It can also be difficult for those using the drug to gauge how much of the drug they need for their desired effect, which can lead to overdose. Once people What does special k do to your body become tolerant, dependent, or addicted to ketamine, they are likely to experience symptoms of withdrawal when they stop taking it.
These symptoms can range in severity from mild to more serious. Symptoms of withdrawal can include:. Because ketamine withdrawal symptoms can sometimes be serious, it can be helpful to go through the detox and withdrawal process under the supervision of trained addictions recovery professionals. While ketamine use What does special k do to your body addiction is serious, there are effective treatment options available. Treatment What does special k do to your body may include cognitive-behavioral therapy CBTindividual therapy, group therapy, family therapy, motivational enhancement therapy, or other approaches.
While there are no specific medications approved for the treatment of addiction to ketamine, interventions may include the use of medications to treat co-occurring psychiatric conditions. For more mental health resources, see our National Helpline Database. Learn the best ways to manage stress and negativity in your life. Ketamine: Current applications in anesthesia, pain, and critical care. Anesth Essays Res. Nelson S. Hallucinogens: Unreal Visions. Front Psychiatry. Complete reversal of the clinical symptoms and image morphology of ketamine cystitis after intravesical hyaluronic acid instillation: A case report.
Medicine Baltimore. Wilkinson ST, Sanacora G. March Efficacy of intravenous ketamine for treatment of chronic posttraumatic stress disorder: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA Psychiatry. LeMone P, Burke K, et al. Pearson Australia. Controversies of the Effect of Ketamine on Cognition. US National Library of Medicine.
National Institute on Drug Abuse. Club drugs. Clin Neuropharmacol. Lerner A, Klein M.What does special k do to your body
email: [email protected] - phone:(190) 886-9809 x 8514
What to Know About Ketamine Use